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Deputies of the House of Representatives

Status of the Deputy of the House of Representatives
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Status of the Deputy of the House of Representatives

The Deputies of the House of Representatives exercise their mandate in the Parliament on a full-time basis, unless otherwise envisaged by the Constitution. The President of the Republic of Belarus, Members of the Council of the Republic of the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus and judges cannot be deputies of the House of Representatives. Likewise, no one is allowed to combine a mandate of the Deputy of the House of Representatives with a mandate of a Deputy of a Local Soviet. At the same time the Constitution permits to combine a mandate of the Deputy of the House of Representatives with a position of a Member of Government.

 

Deputies of the House of Representatives enjoy parliamentary immunity when making statements or exercising their mandate except for cases when their statements are slanderous or insulting. During the whole term of their office, deputies of the House of Representatives may be arrested or otherwise deprived of their personal liberty only upon a prior consent of their respective chamber, except for cases when they commit high treason or other grave crime, or if they are caught red-handed.

 

A criminal case concerning a deputy of the House of Representatives may be initiated only by the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Belarus and considered by the Supreme Court of the Republic of Belarus.

 

Deputies of the House of Representatives have the right to a deciding vote on all the issues considered in the respective chambers of the National Assembly. They also have the right to elect and be elected to the bodies of the House of Representatives, to move subjects to be considered by the House of Representatives, to put forward proposals and remarks to the agenda of the session, the procedure of consideration and essence of the items under discussion, to bring in proposals and express judgements on the bodies' stuff, formed by the House of Representatives, and candidatures of the officials to be elected, appointed or approved by the House of Representatives. Deputies have the right to participate in the debate, carry out inquiries, ask questions, issue references, bring their viewpoints and those of their voters to the notice of the MPs, perform other functions envisaged by the Constitution and regulations of the House of Representatives.

 

Deputies of the House of Representatives possess the right of legislative initiative.

 

To perform their functions most efficiently, Deputies of the House of Representatives have the right to direct their inquiries to the Prime Minister, members of the Government, heads of state bodies created or elected by the Parliament. A response to an inquiry is to be given within 20 session days.

 

Deputies of the House of Representatives have the right to be united for collective discussion and expression of their judgements on bills and other issues relating to the management of the House of Representatives, and also on issues of implementation of their electoral programmes into permanent or ad hoc deputy groups. A deputy group is formed by at least 10 deputies wishing to join it. Deputies may freely join and quit any deputy groups.

 

A deputy of the House of Representatives is responsible and accountable for the work performed to his or her electors. According to the Constitutions the electors may recall him or her on the grounds envisaged by Law. The voting on the recall of a deputy is held, following a procedure established for election of the deputy, upon an initiative of at least 20 percent of citizens having the right to vote and being residents of the territory concerned.


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